The Influence of China’s ’String of Pearl’ Towards MP3EI Achievement in The Context of ASEAN Free Market 2015

Erlinda Matondang dan IDK Kerta Widana


Abstract – String of Pearl (SoP) is China’s strategy to expand its influence from China Mainland to the Middle East through strategic areas, like Malacca Strait and Indian Ocean which are parts of Indonesia. This strategy will give some influences to the “Master Plan of Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia Economic Development” (Masterplan Percepatan, Perluasan, dan Pengembangan Ekonomi Indonesia - MP3EI’s) achievement that will become foundations for Indonesian economic development. The implementation of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) that expand China’s access to strategic areas will affect the building of Indonesian economic corridors, especially under MP3EI framework. This study will discuss about the influence of China’s SoP towards Indonesian economic development, which is driven by MP3EI in AEC era. This review shows strategies available for Indonesia to minimize the influence of SoP to MP3EI’s achievement in the context of free market 2015. Indonesia’s potentials to increase its advantage in diplomacy and negotiation towards China also written in the last part of this review.

Keywords: String of Pearl (SoP), AEC, MP3EI

Abstrak -- String of Pearl (SoP) adalah strategi China untuk memperluas pengaruhnya dari China Daratan ke Timur Tengah melalui wilayah strategis, seperti Selat Malaka dan Samudera Hindia yang merupakan bagian dari Indonesia. Strategi ini akan memberi pengaruh pada "Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia" (Masterplan Percepatan, Perluasan, dan Pengembangan Ekonomi Indonesia - MP3EI) yang akan menjadi fondasi bagi PT Pembangunan ekonomi indonesia Implementasi ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) yang memperluas akses China ke kawasan strategis akan mempengaruhi pembangunan koridor ekonomi Indonesia, terutama di bawah kerangka MP3EI. Studi ini akan membahas tentang pengaruh SoP China menuju pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia, yang didorong oleh MP3EI di era AEC. Studi ini menunjukkan strategi yang ada di Indonesia untuk meminimalkan pengaruh pencapaian SoP terhadap MP3EI dalam konteks pasar bebas 2015. Potensi Indonesia untuk meningkatkan keuntungannya dalam diplomasi dan negosiasi terhadap China juga ditulis pada bagian akhir dari stido ini.

Kata kunci: String of Pearl (SoP), AEC, MP3EI

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