Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia Dalam Mewujudkan Poros Maritim Dunia

Bayu Prakasa, Aris Arif Mundayat, Pujo Widodo

Abstract


Abstrak – Sebagai negara yang memiliki wilayah kelautan atau kemaritiman yang besar, Indonesia sudah sewajarnya mampu memaksimalkan pemanfaatan potensi tersebut demi kemajuan bersama. Pada faktanya, Indonesia belum mampu secara maksimal untuk memanfaatkan potensi tersebut, dengan sebab satu diantaranya yakni masih lemahnya sektor pertahanan dalam bidang maritim. Dalam prosesnya, muncul upaya memajukan Indonesia utamanya melalui sektor maritim dengan adanya pencanangan Indonesia sebagai Poros Maritim Dunia pada tahun 2014 oleh Presiden Joko Widodo. Dengan latar belakang tersebut, pada akhirnya penelitian ini dilakukan dengan bertujuan untuk menganalisis upaya diplomasi pertahanan yang dilakukan Indonesia dalam mewujudkan Poros Maritim Dunia. Selanjutnya, dengan ruang lingkup periode tahun 2014-2017, penelitian ini berfokus kepada pembangunan sarana diplomasi pertahanan dan cara diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia yang dilakukan dengan merujuk pada bingkai teori yang relevan untuk digunakan. Penelitian ini disusun menggunakan analisis deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif dengan melalui teknik pengumpulan data berupa  wawancara, studi dokumen, dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sarana yang dibangun demi mendukung diplomasi pertahanan adalah dengan kerjasama dengan negara-negara mitra dan pembangunan postur pertahanan negara. Cara yang digunakan dalam diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia adalah dengan meningkatkan peran aktif dalam forum atau organisasi mulai taraf regional hingga internasional. Dua aspek atau unsur tersebut pada akhirnya bertujuan untuk mewujudkan Indonesia sebagai Poros Maritim Dunia utamanya dalam pencapaian pilar nomor dua, yakni pertahanan, keamanan, penegakkan hukum, dan keselamatan laut.

Kata Kunci : Diplomasi Pertahanan, Kebijakan Kelautan Indonesia, Poros Maritim Dunia

 

AbstractHaving such enormous and strategic nautical-territory, Indonesia ought to draw upon such potential for the national development. Nevertheless, Indonesia has not yet been able to exert the resources, as a consequence of the lack in maritime security and defense. Given to the circumstances, an effort to advance Indonesia primarily in the maritime sector had been taken place as in 2014 President Joko Widodo legitimately declare the national vision to become Global Maritime Fulcrum. Build upon the case, this research aims to analyze the efforts made by Indonesian government in assisting the realization of Global Maritime Fulcrum through Defense Diplomacy. Furthermore, this writing attempts to disclose the development of defense diplomacy’s instruments and how the government made use of those. In order to reveal this case, various aspects of Indonesia’s defense diplomacy that had been occured within 2014 – 2017 will be examined with the relevant theoritical frameworks. This research was arranged using descriptive analysis with qualitative approach. Supporting data is obtained through interviews, document, and literature study. The results shows that the defense diplomacy’s intruments was built upon series of international cooperations and the development of state’s defense posture itself. Therewith, Indonesian government undertake the defense diplomacy efforts by playing an active role in forums or organizations from regional to international levels. These two aspects eventually have a prime significance in shaping Indonesia as the Global Maritime Fulcrum, especially in  the achievement of defense, security, law enforcement, and marine safety.

Keywords: Defense Diplomacy,  Global Maritime Fulcrum, Indonesia’s Maritime Policy


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v4i2.244

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