KERJASAMA GENERAL BORDER COMMITTEE INDONESIA – MALAYSIA DALAM MENJAGA PERBATASAN DARAT

Mohamad Wieldan Akbar, Edy Saptono, Makmur Supriyatno

Abstract


Abstrak -- Penelitian ini berupaya menjawab bagaimana kondisi perbatasan darat Indonesia - Malaysia terbaru dan peran GBC Indonesia – Malaysia (Malindo) dalam menjaga keamanan di perbatasan darat kedua negara. Untuk menemukan jawaban dari pertanyaan penelitian, peneliti menggunakan teori kerjasama internasional yang dipadukan konsep diplomasi pertahanan juga konsep keamanan nasional serta konsep integrated Border management untuk membedah masing-masing komponen pertanyaan. Metodologi dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan wawancara narasumber sebagai data primer dan dokumentasi perjanjian sebagai data sekunder. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa kondisi perbatasan darat teraktual diisi oleh aktivitas ilegal atau kejahatan transnasional dan peran GBC Malindo adalah kerjasama strategis yang menggerakan kerjasama teknis badan-badan di bawahnya. Kerjasama GBC telah secara efektif menggerakan roda-roda teknis badan-badan di bawahnya. Sebagai kesimpulan, kerjasama GBC tidak bermasalah secara eksternal, namun lebih ke internal Indonesia, di mana ada “perlombaan birokratik” untuk memimpin GBC Malindo

Kata Kunci : confidence building measure, integrated border management, keamanan nasional, kerjasama internasional

 

Abstract -- This study sought to answer how the conditions of the latest Indonesia-Malaysia land border and the role of GBC Indonesia - Malaysia (Malindo) in maintaining security at the land borders of the two countries. To find answers of research questions, researchers used the theory of international cooperation which combined the concepts of defense diplomacy and the concept of national security and the concept of integrated Border management to dissect each component of the question. The methodology of this study is qualitative by interviewing interviewees as primary data and agreement documentation as secondary data. The results of the study show that the actual land boundary conditions are filled with illegal activities or transnational crime and the role of Malindo GBC is strategic cooperation that drives the technical cooperation of the agencies under it. GBC Collaboration has effectively moved the technical wheels of the agencies under it. In conclusion, GBC's collaboration is not problematic externally, but rather internal to Indonesia, where there is a "bureaucratic race" to lead the Malindo GBC.

Keywords : confidence building measure, integrated border management, international cooperation, national security


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v5i2.412

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