DIPLOMASI PERTAHANAN INDONESIA DI NEGARA KAWASAN PASIFIK SELATAN TERKAIT INTERNASIONALISASI SEPARATISME PAPUA GUNA MENJAGA KEDAULATAN INDONESIA

Felani Angela Rosalia Hematang, Rodon Pedrason, Bambang Wahyudi

Abstract


Abstrak -- Internasionalisasi separatisme Papua dimulai ketika masyarakat Papua yang menyuarakan kemerdekaan sebagai akibat dari isu pelanggaran HAM yang diklaim belum diselesaikan oleh Indonesia. Hal ini kemudian didukung dengan aktivis separatis yang mencari dukungan melalui negara-negara lain, dimana negara-negara Kawasan Pasifik Selatan merupakan aktor yang paling vokal dalam membawa isu pelanggaran HAM Papua pada sidang PBB. Di sisi lain, Indonesia melakukan segala cara untuk mempertahankan Papua sebagai perwujudan kedaulatan Indonesia sesuai dengan amanah kepentingan nasional Indonesia. Tentu saja pendekatan Indonesia dalam mengatasi isu internasionalisasi separatisme Papua tidak dapat dilakukan melalui konteks militer. Perkembangan isu separatisme yang telah diinternasionalisasikan menjadi konsiderasi Indonesia untuk mengembangkan strategi Indonesia dalam mempertahankan Papua. Konsep Diplomasi Pertahanan yang diterapkan Indonesia adalah sebagai strategi untuk mempertahankan Papua serta menjalin hubungan kerjasama dengan negara-negara Kawasan Pasifik Selatan.

Kata kunci: separatisme papua, internasionalisasi, strategi diplomasi pertahanan

 

Abstract -- The internationalization of Papua separatism begins with the declaration of Independence as a reaction to unfinished solution for human rights violations in Papua. This issue is used by the Papuan to look for support from other countries, including in the South Pacific states that play the main role in promoting the human right violations issue at the United Nations Councils. On the other hand, Indonesia struggles in defending Papua as the implementation of sovereignty according to the national interest of Indonesia. Obviously, Indonesia’s approach in handling the Papua separatism internationalization cannot be solved through military context. The development of separatism issue which had been internationalized become Indonesia’s consideration to develop the strategy in defending Papua. Defense diplomacy concept which has been implemented by Indonesia as the strategy to defend Papua and also build the cooperation with South Pacific Countries.

Keywords: internationalization, defense diplomacy strategy


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v5i2.415

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