STRATEGI DIPLOMASI PERTAHANAN INDONESIA DALAM MENJAGA STABILITAS KAWASAN ASEAN MELALUI KONSEP DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM

Sutiono Sutiono, Jonni Mahroza, Purnomo Yusgiantoro

Abstract


Abstrak -- Stabilitas ASEAN adalah alasan bertumbuhnya ekonomi di ASEAN. stabilitas tersebut tidak terlepas dari upaya regionalisasi ASEAN yang hingga kini menuju Komunitas Masyarakat ASEAN. Hal yang paling penting adalah konsensus dari ASEAN Way terus menciptakan guidance bagi hubungan yang berlangsung di ASEAN. Rivalitas Amerika Serikat dan Cina dalam upayanya memperebutkan pengaruh di ASEAN telah memberikan beberapa ancaman seperti tidak tercapainya konsensus di tahun 2012, Malaysia yang keluar dari join declaration di Myanmar tahun 2017, dan CoC Laut Cina Selatan yang masih terus digalakkan yang tentunya berhadapan dengan kepentingan para major power khususnya Amerika Serikat dan Cina. Penelitian ini untuk menjelaskan strategi diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia dalam menjaga stabilitas kawasan ASEAN dan strategi diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia tersebut melalui konsep dynamic equilibrium. Penelitian ini akan dikaji melalui teori-teori strategi terutama Terry L Deibel dan kesesuain konsep Dynamic Equilibrium dengan konsep diplomasi pertahanan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dihimpun dengan cara wawancara, lalu disandingkan dengan studi literatur. Kemudian data tersebut dianalisis berdasarkan teori-teori di atas. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa kepentingan Indonesia dalam regional masih dalam bentuk kepentingan membangun postur pertahanan Indonesia. Sehingga, konsep Dynamic Equilibrium bisa menjadi alternatif untuk mencegah fragmentasi ASEAN oleh rivalitas para major powers.

Kata kunci: diplomasi, diplomasi pertahanan, strategi, asean, rivalitas kekuatan

 

Abstract -- ASEAN stability is the reason for the economic growth in ASEAN. More importantly this is inseparable from the efforts to regionalize ASEAN which is now heading towards the ASEAN Community.The most important thing is the consensus of ASEAN Roads continues to guide the ongoing relations in ASEAN. Rivalry between the United States and China in its efforts to compete for influence in ASEAN has provided several problems such as the lack of consensus in 2012, Malaysia coming out of a joint declaration in Myanmar in 2017, and the ongoing South China CoC which can deal with the interests of the big special powers of the United States and China. This research is to explain Indonesia's defense diplomacy strategy in the ASEAN defense region and Indonesia's defense diplomacy strategy through the concept of dynamic balance. This research will be examined through the popular strategy theories of Terry L Deibel and the compatibility of the concept of Dynamic Equilibrium with the concept of defense diplomacy. This research was conducted using qualitative. Data is collected by means of interviews, then juxtaposed with literature studies. Then the data is analyzed based on the theories above. The results of this study indicate that Indonesia's interests in the region are still in the form of interests in building Indonesia's defense posture. Considering, the concept of Dynamic Equilibrium can be an alternative to prevent ASEAN fragmentation by the rivalry of the main forces.

Keywords: diplomacy, defense diplomacy, strategy, asean, rivality


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v5i2.416

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