Roy Limbong


This article describes a paradigm shift in security studies through the International Relations (HI) approach, which over the years International Relations has focused its discussion on the political-military theme, where the state is the main actor in this study. This tradition is known as realism. Over time, the golden age of the realism paradigm came to an end because
it was unable to solve the complex problems facing the international community. That is why HI has begun to broaden and deepen the object of discussion into non-military topics, such as economy, politics, social and the environment. In short, HI's discourse moves from state security to human security. As already explained, the economy is one of the areas that has received the most attention because this theme is related to human activities in meeting their basic daily needs. However, this activity has an unwanted impact on the environment, such
as global warming which must be addressed as soon as possible. This prompted the international community to start paying attention to this issue in the last decade. Global warming as one of the biggest problems in environmental security is the trigger. This topic also makes environmental issues the focus of studies on HI approaches and other aspects, such as defense, security, economics and politics.

Keywords: International Relations, security studies, environmental issues.

Full Text:



De Wilde, Jaap. 2008. Environmental Security Deconstructed, dalam Hans G. Brauch

(ed.). Globalization and Environmental Challenges: Reconceptualizing Security in

The 21st Century. Berlin: Springer.

Floyd, Rita. 2008. The Environmental Security Debate and its Significance for Climate

Change. (Daring), (http://

WRAP_Floyd_Floyd_The_Environmental_Security_Debate_WRAP.pdf, diakses 14

September 2017).

Held, David dan McGrew A. (eds.). 2003. The Global Transforma-tions Reader An

Introduction to the Globalization Debate. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Martinovsky, Petr. 2011. Environmental Security and Clasical Typology of Security

Studies, The Science for Population Protection, 2. (Daring), (http://www.population, diakses 16

Agustus 2017).

Trombetta, M.J. 2008. Environmental Security and Climate Change: Analysing The

Discourse, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 21:4. (Daring),

(, diakses 5 September 2017).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Ethics in Publishing

Publishing ethics refers to COPE (Commitee on Publication Ethics) and Regulation of the Head of LIPI Number 5 of 2014 concerning the Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications.

This statement outlines the ethical behavior expected of all parties. The parties are related and obedient in their respective positions and roles: authors, editorial board, peer reviewers, and publishers, who are involved in publishing articles in this journal.

Authors create articles. Authors should read the policies that apply to their contributions and the author's guidelines. Once a submission has reached the review stage, authors are not allowed to withdraw it. The author accepts editorial decisions voluntarily.

Editorial Board
The editor consists of the chief editor and staff as a unit. Editors grade manuscripts on intellectual merit alone, regardless of the author's rank, title, skin color, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy. Corresponding authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and publishers, as appropriate, are the only parties to whom any editor and editorial staff may divulge information about manuscripts that have been submitted. The editor chooses which article to publish. When reaching a choice, the editor can consult with other editors or reviewers.

Peer Reviewers

Peer review provides an assessment of the articles submitted by the editor. The reviewer's assessment results assist the editor in editing the assessment and can also help the author improve the article through the editorial communication with the author. Any selected reviewer who believes they lack the skills necessary to evaluate a manuscript or realizes that doing so quickly is impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process. The review must be carried out impartially. It would be inappropriate to criticize the author personally. Referees must clearly state their position and provide evidence to support them. Any manuscript sent to you for review should be treated with confidentiality. They cannot be discussed or shown to anyone without the editor's permission. Reviewers must indicate related published work that the author still needs to cite. Suitable quotations must support any claim that specific observations, deductions, or arguments have been recorded. Any significant overlap or resemblance between the manuscript under consideration and other published material of which the reviewer has direct knowledge must be communicated to the editor.


The publisher is the institution that publishes the journal. Universitas Pertahanan Press under the Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, publisher of this Journal of Defense Diplomacy. Moral and ethical obligations as publishers are aware of and take their duties and responsibilities seriously during and throughout the publication process. For publishing journals, publishers work closely with editorial boards to facilitate communication with other journals and publishers.

Alamat Dewan Redaksi:
Alamat: Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, RT.3/RW.6, Kenari, Kec. Senen,
Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10430

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Diplomasi Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 View My StatCounter