Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia Melalui Kerjasama Intelligence Exchange Group (IEG) di Selat Malaka

Thomas H.K. Sinaga

Abstract


Abstrak - Selat Malaka sebagai jalur lalu lintas perdagangan dan transportasi internasioal tersibuk di dunia melayani lebih dari sepertiga perdagangan global. Kondisi keamanan maritim nya secara geografis perlu mendapat perhatian serius. Gangguan keamanan maritim yang krusial di wilayah tersebut seperti pembajakan (piracy) dan perompakan bersenjata (armed robbery) serta penyelundupan senjata, mendorong upaya untuk meningkatkan pengamanan dan proaktif mengatasi segala macam gangguan di Selat Malaka yang berdampak terhadap kedaulatan dan integritas teritorial Indonesia. Kondisi tersebut, perlu suatu kerjasama pertahanan dan yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini adalah kerjasama IEG sebagai strategi dari diplomasi pertahanan dan instrumen kebijakan politik luar negeri untuk mewujudkan kepentingan nasional dan menjaga kedaulatan masing-masing negara yang berlangsung secara bilateral maupun multilateral. Dengan demikian, maka bagaimana kepentingan nasional Indonesia diwujudkan dalam kerjasama IEG dan bagaimana kontribusi kerjasama IEG terhadap upaya diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia merupakan pertanyaan penelitian yang diangkat dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara terhadap tiga informan yang meliputi praktisi dan pakar di bidang terkait dan dari berbagai literatur.  Analisis dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan membandingkan data yang diperoleh dengan teori dan konsep yang digunakan, yaitu teori kerjasama intelijen, konsep diplomasi pertahanan dan konsep kerjasama pertahanan.  Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan, diplomasi pertahanan Indonesia dalam kerjasama IEG merupakan wadah untuk menumbuhkan rasa saling percaya (CBMs) diantara negara anggota dan meningkatkan kapabilitas pertahanan (defense capabilities) tiap negara anggotanya serta dapat meningkatkan citra (prestise) bagi Indonesia di mata dunia internasional.

Kata Kunci: Selat Malaka, Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia, Intelligence Exchange Group, Kerjasama Pertahanan, Kerjasama Intelijen.

 

Abstract - Malacca Straits as a traffic line with international trade and transport busiest in the world's to serve over a third of global trade. Maritime security conditions of its geographical needs serious attention. Crucial maritime security threats in the region such as piracy and armed robbery as well as the smuggling of arms, encouraging efforts to improve security and proactively address all kinds of trouble in Malacca Straits which have an impact on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Indonesia. Under these conditions, the need for a defense cooperation and discussed in this study is a collaboration IEG as a strategy of defense diplomacy and foreign policy instruments to realize national interests and safeguard the sovereignty of each country which takes place bilateral and multilateral. Thus, it is how Indonesia's national interest was realized in IEG cooperation and how to contribute to defense diplomacy efforts Indonesia is a research question raised in this study. This study used descriptive qualitative approach. Data were collected through interviews with three informants that includes practitioners and experts in related fields and from various literature. The analysis in this study was done by comparing the data obtained with used the one theories and two concepts, namely the theory of intelligence cooperation, the concept of defense diplomacy and defense cooperation concept. The results of this study indicate that, Indonesia defense diplomacy in IEG cooperation is a place to foster mutual trust (CBMs) among member countries and increase the capabilities of the defense (defense capabilities) each of the member states as well as to improve the image (prestige) for Indonesia in the world.

Keywords: Malacca Straits, Indonesia Defense Diplomacy, Intelligence Exchange Group, Defense Cooperation, Intelligence Cooperation.


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v3i1.84

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