KAPABILITAS PASUKAN PERDAMAIAN INDONESIA DI REPUBLIK DEMOKRATIK KONGO

Sriyanto Sriyanto

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to analyze the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers and the TNI's strategies in carrying out the development of the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers to face multidimensional threats in the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This research uses a qualitative method with a case study research design on several events in the implementation of the UN peacekeeping capability development carried out by the TNI in the period of 2018 to 2020. The case studies describes the positive things of the capability development process shown by some achivements gained by Indonesian Peacekeeping Forces as well as some incidents that need to draw attention by TNI in one of the Indonesian peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Data collection was carried out openly through interviews with research subjects which were directly involved in the capabilities building of the Indonesian peacekeeping forces that are supported by the researcher’s experiences, field observations and data analysis referring to literature studies. The research shows that the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers have not been fully prepared to face multidimensional threats. Among some successes in the mission area, several incidents occurred and caused both personnel and material losses. The TNI needs to adopt the United Nations Peacekeeping Capability Readiness System (UNPCRS) as the current UN system to provide UN units that allows the development of UN peacekeeping capabilities to be carried out systematically, comprehensively and involves all aspects of capability, including human resource and unit capability standards, leadership, networking, materials, facilities and infrastructure. In addition, regulatory and budgetary aspects are critical in overall capability development efforts.

Keywords


Peacekeeping Force, Capabilities, UNPCRS

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v8i1.889

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