KAPABILITAS PASUKAN PERDAMAIAN INDONESIA DI REPUBLIK DEMOKRATIK KONGO

Sriyanto Sriyanto

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to analyze the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers and the TNI's strategies in carrying out the development of the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers to face multidimensional threats in the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This research uses a qualitative method with a case study research design on several events in the implementation of the UN peacekeeping capability development carried out by the TNI in the period of 2018 to 2020. The case studies describes the positive things of the capability development process shown by some achivements gained by Indonesian Peacekeeping Forces as well as some incidents that need to draw attention by TNI in one of the Indonesian peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Data collection was carried out openly through interviews with research subjects which were directly involved in the capabilities building of the Indonesian peacekeeping forces that are supported by the researcher’s experiences, field observations and data analysis referring to literature studies. The research shows that the capabilities of the Indonesian peacekeepers have not been fully prepared to face multidimensional threats. Among some successes in the mission area, several incidents occurred and caused both personnel and material losses. The TNI needs to adopt the United Nations Peacekeeping Capability Readiness System (UNPCRS) as the current UN system to provide UN units that allows the development of UN peacekeeping capabilities to be carried out systematically, comprehensively and involves all aspects of capability, including human resource and unit capability standards, leadership, networking, materials, facilities and infrastructure. In addition, regulatory and budgetary aspects are critical in overall capability development efforts.

Keywords


Peacekeeping Force, Capabilities, UNPCRS

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alamsyah, Kamal. (2016). Kebijakan Publik Konsep dan Aplikasi. Bandung: Media Citra Mandiri Press.

Cottey, Andrew dan Anthony Foster. (2004). Reshaping Defence Diplomacy: New Role for Military Cooperation and Assistance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Creswell, John W.. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Washington DC:SAGE.

Direktorat Keamanan Internasional dan Perlucutan Senjata. (2020). Indonesia dan Rekam Jejak di Misi Pemeliharaan Perdamaian PBB. Ditjenkerma Multilateral Kemenlu RI: Jakarta Pusat.

Findlay, Trevor. (2020). Challenges for the New Peacekeepers. SIPRI Research Report No 12. Solna: SIPRI.

Kemhan RI. (2016). Buku Putih Pertahanan RI. Jakarta: Dirjen Strahan

Hutabarat, Leonard F. (2017). Kerangka Konseptual Kontribusi pada Pasukan Penjaga Perdamaian PBB: Studi Kasus Indonesia. Bandung: Parahyangan Center for International Studies.

Octavian, Amarulla. (2012). Militer dan Globalisasi. Jakarta: UI Press.

PMPP TNI. (2011). TNI dan Misi Pemeliharaan Perdamaian; Peran PMPP TNI dalam Menyiapkan Kontingen Garuda. Jakarta: Percetakan Abadi.

United Nations. (2020). Reinforcement Training Package for United Nations Military intelligence Officers For United Nations Peace Operations. New York: United Nations.

Aji, M Prakoso Aji & dan Jerry Indrawan,. (2019),. “Memahami Studi Perdamaian sebagai Bagian dari Ilmu Hubungan Internasional”. Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara, Vol 9, No 3.

Donald C.F. Daniel, Paul D. Williams dan Adam C. Smith., (2016). “Deploying Combined Teams: Lessons Learned from Operational Partnerships in UN Peacekeeping”,. Providing for Peacekeeping, No.2, Agustus 2016.

Gumilar, Nugraha. Gumilar,Tri Legionosuko, & Bintang Widagdo., (2017),. “Pengiriman Pasukan Garuda Sebagai Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia Dalam Rangka Peningkatan Alutsista Tentara Nasional Indonesia,”Jurnal Prodi Diplomasi Pertahanan, Vol 3, No.3.

Haass, Felix dan Nadine Ansorg. (2018). “Better peacekeepers, better protection? Troop quality of United Nations peace operations and violence against civilians”. Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 66(6).

M Prakoso Aji & Jerry Indrawan., (2019),. “Memahami Studi Perdamaian sebagai Bagian dari Ilmu Hubungan Internasional”. Jurnal Pertahanan dan Bela Negara, Vol 9, No 3.

Setyawan, Risa Wahyu Pudji Setyawan,. (2017,). “Pemberdayaan Operasi Pemeliharaan Perdamaian untuk Mempromosikan Produksi Dalam Negeri (Suatu Studi di Lebanon dan Kongo)”. Jurnal Prodi Damai dan Resolusi Konflik, Vol 3, No 3.

UN DFS. (2018)., “Operational Readiness Preparation for Troop Contributing Countries in Peacekeeping Missions”, Guidelines., December 2018, Retrieved from https://peacekeeping.un.org.files%2F3._military_-_4_guidelines_on_opr.pdf, diakses pada 26 Juni 2021.

UNGA,. (2020). “Manual on Policies and Procedures concerning the Reimbursement and Control of Contingent-Owned Equipment of Troop/Police Contributors Participating in Peacekeeping Missions” Manuals. Retrieved form, 31 Agustus 2020, https://undocs.org/en/A/76/121, diakses pada 20 Juni 2021.

Department of Operational Support. (2020). “UNCOE Manual 2020”. UN Manuals. Retrieved from https://undocs.org/en/A/76/121, diakses pada 2 Mei 2021.

Mahyudin Hasbi, (2016). “Kapabilitas Organisasi Publik”,. Stienobel. Retrieved form , https://e-jurnal.stienobel-indonesia.ac.id/index.php/akmen/article/download/266/ 271, diakses pada 11 Mei 2021.

Maiese, Michelle. (Maiese, 2003),“Levels of Action (Lederach’s Pyramid),” Beyond Intractability, Retrieved from http://beyondintractability.org/essay/ hierarchical_intervention_levels, diakses pada 24 April 2021.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v8i1.889

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Alamat Dewan Redaksi:
Alamat: Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, RT.3/RW.6, Kenari, Kec. Senen,
Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10430
Email: pertahanandiplomasi@gmail.com
Website: http://jurnalprodi.idu.ac.id/index.php/DP


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Diplomasi Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


 View My StatCounter