Ari Harmoko


In recent times, the Indo-Pacific region is one of the most dynamic with newly rising and developing powers. Rivalry within the region, which has stemmed from border issues to cultural issues within nations, sets the region to be one of the most volatile ones. Its dynamics along with its abundance of resources has caught the attention of major powers to gain influence in the region, including the People’s Republic of China, Australia, and The United States. In depicting tense political situations, satirical cartoons are one of the most popular media to be used in publications. This paper conducts a semiotic analysis towards one of these cartoons which can be interpreted to depict the recent developments regarding major power rivalry within the region. Relating to the concept of balance of power, the analysis will be used to further explain the actions and history of interactions between these powers in the region along with their future motivations.


United States, China, Australia, Foreign Policy , Rivalry

Full Text:



A.S., B. (2018). The Study of Foreign Policy in International Relations. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs.

Burchill, S., & Linklater, A. (2013). Theories of International Relations. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Fangyin, Z. (July 2016). Between assertiveness and self-restraint: understanding China's South China Sea policy. International Affairs, Volume 92, Issue 4, Pages 869–890.

Hickey, K. J. (2020). Intellectual Property Violations and China: Legal Remedies. Congressional Research Services.

Kolakowski, C. L. (2018). A Short History of US Involvement in the Indo-Pacific. Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, 1 - 19.

Kung-Chung Liu, U. S. (2019). Innovation, Economic Development, and Intellectual Property in India and China: Comparing Six Economic Sectors. Singapore: Springer.

Lin, W.-c. (2009). China’s Panda Diplomacy. Mainland Affairs Council. Retrieved from Institute of China and Asia-Pacific Studies.

Liu, L. (2021). China’s Large-scale Importation of Western Technology and the U.S. Response, 1972–1976. Diplomatic History, Volume 45, 794–820.

Qiang, Y., & Zongqiang, J. (2015). China’s “Nine-dash Line” Claim: the U.S Misunderstands. RSIS Commentary.

Soedarman, Y. S., Pramono, B., & Mhd Halkis. (2020). Free and Open Indo-Pacific in Defense Cooperation between Indonesia and Australia. Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, 2(7), 258–266. https://doi.org/10.47577/technium.v2i7.2065

Thu, D. H. (2018, October). Southeast Asian perceptions of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue: Survey findings. Retrieved from The Australian Strategic Policy Institute: http://ad-aspi.s3.amazonaws.com/2018-10/SR 130 Quadrilateral security dialogue.pdf

Yu, M. (2020). China Engages U.S. to Deescalate Trade War. China-US Trade War and Trade Talk, 225-225.Soedarman, Y. S., Pramono, B., & Mhd

Halkis. (2020). Free and Open Indo-Pacific in Defense Cooperation

between Indonesia and Australia. Technium: Romanian Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, 2(7), 258–266. https://doi.org/10.47577/technium.v2i7.2065

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33172/jdp.v8i1.890


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Ethics in Publishing

Publishing ethics refers to COPE (Commitee on Publication Ethics) and Regulation of the Head of LIPI Number 5 of 2014 concerning the Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications.

This statement outlines the ethical behavior expected of all parties. The parties are related and obedient in their respective positions and roles: authors, editorial board, peer reviewers, and publishers, who are involved in publishing articles in this journal.

Authors create articles. Authors should read the policies that apply to their contributions and the author's guidelines. Once a submission has reached the review stage, authors are not allowed to withdraw it. The author accepts editorial decisions voluntarily.

Editorial Board
The editor consists of the chief editor and staff as a unit. Editors grade manuscripts on intellectual merit alone, regardless of the author's rank, title, skin color, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy. Corresponding authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and publishers, as appropriate, are the only parties to whom any editor and editorial staff may divulge information about manuscripts that have been submitted. The editor chooses which article to publish. When reaching a choice, the editor can consult with other editors or reviewers.

Peer Reviewers

Peer review provides an assessment of the articles submitted by the editor. The reviewer's assessment results assist the editor in editing the assessment and can also help the author improve the article through the editorial communication with the author. Any selected reviewer who believes they lack the skills necessary to evaluate a manuscript or realizes that doing so quickly is impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process. The review must be carried out impartially. It would be inappropriate to criticize the author personally. Referees must clearly state their position and provide evidence to support them. Any manuscript sent to you for review should be treated with confidentiality. They cannot be discussed or shown to anyone without the editor's permission. Reviewers must indicate related published work that the author still needs to cite. Suitable quotations must support any claim that specific observations, deductions, or arguments have been recorded. Any significant overlap or resemblance between the manuscript under consideration and other published material of which the reviewer has direct knowledge must be communicated to the editor.


The publisher is the institution that publishes the journal. Universitas Pertahanan Press under the Universitas Pertahanan Republik Indonesia, publisher of this Journal of Defense Diplomacy. Moral and ethical obligations as publishers are aware of and take their duties and responsibilities seriously during and throughout the publication process. For publishing journals, publishers work closely with editorial boards to facilitate communication with other journals and publishers.

Alamat Dewan Redaksi:
Alamat: Jl. Salemba Raya No.14, RT.3/RW.6, Kenari, Kec. Senen,
Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10430
Email: pertahanandiplomasi@gmail.com
Website: http://jurnalprodi.idu.ac.id/index.php/DP

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Diplomasi Pertahanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 View My StatCounter