Tiwi Gustria Ningsih, Leo Rasiddin, Ican Wahyu Rizkiana


Abstract-The government's plan to relocate the nation's capital city (IKN) is a hot topic of discussion at this time. After the announcement of the results of the direct election of the president and vice president (Pilpres) of the Republic of Indonesia, at the end of April 2019, the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) submitted the results of a study on the relocation of the nation's capital through a limited cabinet meeting. The Bappenas announcement received a pro and contra response from several parties related to the IKN relocation plan. In this study, the method used is descriptive qualitative. The discourse on relocating the nation's capital city (IKN) from Jakarta to East Kalimantan is not only related to geographical and environmental issues, but also to reasons for state security. The relocation of the capital will certainly have positive and negative impacts, one of which is the shifting of the "center of gravity". This is a term for the center of strength as well as the center of vulnerability that determines the victory or defeat of a country in war. Defense strategy analysis shows that the shift is strategically and tactically beneficial. But the benefits are not free. The state defense posture needs to be adjusted, especially the level of strength in Kalimantan must be strengthened. This requires a high commitment from all stakeholders, especially from the budget side.

Keywords: State Capital (IKN), East Kalimantan, Defense Strategy.

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