BUILDING MARITIME SECURITY IN THE MAKASSAR STRAIT AS A CHOKE POINT ON THE SIDE OF THE NUSANTARA'S CAPITAL CITY

Pityas Datwurina, Ican Wahyu Rizkiana

Abstract


Abstract-The State Capital is the center of gravity of a nation where its domicile is the center of government of a country, as well as the place where administrative elements, namely the executive, legislative, and judiciary are gathered. The conduciveness and stability of the National Capital need to be a concern because various vital state objects are contained in it. Indonesia, with its five pillars of the World Maritime Axis (PMD), is still struggling with issues of maritime threats that often arise in the form of encroachment on territorial boundaries, theft of marine products, and other illegal activities. As an archipelagic country with a wide border gate in the form of the sea, the violations that occur are often difficult to control. Indonesia has enormous marine potential that requires the attention of the state in order to create protection from threats to sovereignty in the maritime territory of the archipelago. Moreover, the National Capital of the Archipelago is adjacent to the Makassar Strait, which is an international shipping lane, namely the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Route (ALKI) II. ALKI II passes through the Sulawesi Sea, Makassar Strait, Flores Sea, and Lombok Strait connecting the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The development of the maritime defense of the National Capital City is urgent that really need to be the attention of all stakeholders in the defense of the State of Indonesia.

Keywords: Maritime Security, Nusantara's Capital City, Threat, Makassar Strait, Global Maritime Fulcrum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ananda, P. (2022). To secure IKN, the government will build an air and sea militarybase near IKN. Retrieved from Media Indonesia:https://mediaindonesia.com/politik-dan-law/493320/amankan-ikngovernment-akan-bangun-pangkalan-militer-air-dan-laut-kode-ikn

BRIN. (2011). Observing the Indonesian Archipelago Sea Route II. Retrieved from

https://politik.brin.go.id/kolom/politik-internasional/menilik-alur-lautkejualan-

indonesia-ii/

Cassidy, F., Samosir, JP, Oktarossa, D., Prasetyo, EW, Nugroho, FA, Fitri, W., &

Putro, RA (2016). Maritime Axis Diplomacy: Security in a Foreign Policy Perspective. Jakarta: P2K-OI Center.

Darmono, B. (2010). Indonesian National Security Concept and System. Journal of National Resilience, XV(1), 7.

detikNews.com. (2021). Different Voices in Senayan on the Threat of Australian Nuclear Submarines to RI. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/berita/d- 5730253/beda-voice-di-senayan-jual-ancaman-kapal-selam-nuklir-australiabagi-ri/3

Hidayat, S., & Ridwan. (2017). Indonesia's Maritime Axis Policy and National

Security: Challenges and Hopes. Journal of National Defense & Defense, Vol.

, No. 3, 112.

Ministry of Transportation RI. (2022). Minister of Transportation Opens the 2022 Marpolex Regional Title in Makassar. Retrieved from https://hubla.dephub.go.id/btkp/page/news/read/11734/menhub-buka-gelarregional-marpolex-tahun-2022-di-makassar

Kusriaji, A. (2021). Customs-Polairud Forms Joint Team to Prevent Smuggling Via the Makassar Strait. Retrieved from Korpolairud: https://korpolairudnews.

com/2021/10/07/bea-cukai-polairud-form-tim-mergeran-jagapenelundupan-

via-selat-makassar/

Munaf, DR (2015). BAKAMLA Synergized Operating System In accordance with

Law Number 32 of 2014 concerning Marine Affairs. Retrieved from Neliti.com: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/41732-none-6a38ae75.pdf

Retaduari, EA (2015). 3 'New' Naval Bases in Pontianak, Tarakan and Sorong.

Retrieved from DetikNews.com: https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2985546/3-

pangkalan-utama-al-baru-di-pontianak-tarakan-dan-sorong

Setpres, B. (2020). President Jokowi Affirms the Sovereignty of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia at a Dead Price. Retrieved from the President of the Republic of Indonesia: https://www.president.go.id/siaran-pers/ppresi-jokowiunjukkan-kedaulatan-harga-mati/

Widyoutomo, A. (2020). Maritime Security Realizing Indonesian Maritime Security. Retrieved from SESKOAL: https://seskoal.ac.id/assets/brangkas/Makalah_Indonesia_FINAL.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 View My StatCounter